honey beeThe researchers have been studying honey bee products for years, using them to produce medicines and specifics. There is even a separate branch to treat people with honey bee products called apitherapy.

What honey bee products are used in apitherapy? 

  • Honey,
  • Bee glue called propolis,
  • Bee’s milk,
  • Flower pollen,
  • apitoxin.

Wonderful properties of honey

We all know honey. It is a concentrated solution of sugars, mainly as simple as glucose and fructose. It is known throughout the world, for thousands of years, as a wonderful gift of nature. Not only is it tasty, it fills you up and gives you strength, it also helps in many ailments. Originally, it was made by the bees in the hollows of trees. Over time, the man noticed its taste and health values and domesticated bees. This is how the current beekeeping was created.

What else is contained in honey?

It consists of: enzymes, organic acids, mineral salts, proteins, nitrogen compounds, vitamins, essential oils, dyes.

And the elements such as: potassium, calcium, iron, magnesium, silver, barium, chrome, and others.

It should be noted that we have many kinds of honey, e.g. honeydew, buckwheat, acacia and many, many more.

The healing properties of each of them depend on the plants from which the bees collected nectar.

It belongs to easily digestible food and is; therefore, a very beneficial substance for people. Simple sugars contained in honey are directly absorbed into the blood.

Under normal conditions, honey does not cause any side effects.

We must add here that, for example, heating up honey, reduces its health value.

What healing properties does honey have?

Honey has positive effects:

  • in the treatment of heart disease,
  • in the treatment of gastric and duodenal ulcers,
  • in liver problems,
  • in skin problems,
  • in eye diseases,
  • detoxification in the case of overuse of cigarettes, coffee or alcohol,
  • an aqueous solution of honey (1 teaspoon of honey dissolved in a glass of water and left for 12 hours) contains biocatalysts increasing the value of hemoglobin in the blood,
  • honey also regenerates physical and mental strength,
  • in children, it improves resistance to infections.

Honey should be stored in a dark, dry, and cool place because under the influence of light it loses some properties.

Bee glue– propolis

The next product is bee glue, also called PROPOLIS. It is one of the oldest medicines used by Slavs. The bee mixture is a complex substance, rich in numerous biologically active chemicals.

What is in propolis?

Over half of it consists of resins from trees such as: cottonwood, aspen, willow, pine, chestnut. It also contains pollen and a fairly large amount of bee saliva.

And as in the case of honey, its composition can be varied depending on the plants that are located near the hives. Its color varies widely: from red through yellow, brown to greenish. The consistency is sticky and tarry. At low temperatures, it hardens and crumbles and becomes soft and malleable at high temperatures.

It dissolves in spirit, in the ether, and other organic solvents. It dissolves poorly in water.

It also requires to be stored in a dry and cool place.

Bees use propolis for sealing and to disinfect the inside of the hive.

What medicinal use does propolis have?

Its healing properties are very extensive:

  • improves vision,
  • treats intestinal inflammation,
  • regenerates the cartilage and bone tissue,
  • thanks to the bactericidal properties it prevents infectious complications,
  • relieves inflammation, nervousness,
  • strengthens the body,
  • improves memory, mental and physical efficiency,
  • works effectively in prostate disorders,
  • cures skin burns, psoriasis, eczema, asthma,
  • improves the state of convalescents,
  • cures varicose ulcers, superficial skin lesions, pressure ulcers, osteoarthritis,
  • sulfuric acid, called cystine, contained in propolis, strengthens hair growth.

Propolis is used in the form of various preparations.

Here are some examples:

1 – The mixture of propolis and honey is a wonderful drug for children with asthma. In addition, it strengthens and stimulates the body.

2 – Propolis with honey and pollen is an excellent nutritional product.

3 – Propolis with honey and fresh nettle juice is used as an anti-cancer drug or a treatment for Hodgkin’s disease, anemia.

The doctor must decide on the use of bee glue. It is not toxic, but its overdose can cause irritation of the kidneys or digestive tract and even allergy.

Bee’s milk

It is a secretion of the beehive glands.

This milk is used to feed the larvae of bees during the first days of life and the queen.

It is a liquid, dense substance with a creamy color, slightly acidic, spicy and tart flavor. It is a conditioner and medicine.

It consists of. carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, and microelements as well as amino acids.

What are the properties of a royal bee’s milk?

Bee’s milk:

  • improves metabolism,
  • adds strength,
  • inhibits the development of atherosclerosis,
  • cures and normalizes the work of endocrine and gastrointestinal glands,
  • cures nervous diseases,
  • reduces blood sugar, stimulates the appetite,
  • improves eyesight, hearing, removes wrinkles, eliminates dizziness and tinnitus,
  • improves resistance to infections, kills bacteria, viruses.

Enzymes contained in bee’s milk and pollen cure: anemia, asthma, avitaminosis, diabetes, heart and stomach diseases, intestines, mental and physical retardation of children, wounds that are difficult to heal, nerve disease, inflammatory adhesions and many more.

Flower Pollen

Flower pollen has nutritional and energetic properties. It is absolutely harmless and rich in vitamins. Its properties depend on the plants from which it was collected. Pollen is a male reproductive cell of seed plants and it forms in flower anthers.

Bees collect it and carry it to the hive, where they partially consume it and partly store it as a supply.

Propolis is, however, an easily digestible protein product that feeds bees and larger larvae. It arises as a result of complicated lactic fermentation.

What is the pollen good for?

It has the following properties:

  • activates the secretion of gastric juice,
  • activates the metabolism (carbohydrates, fats, proteins),
  • stimulates bone marrow function,
  • normalizes the functioning of the liver, kidneys, stomach, nervous, and respiratory system,
  • helps maintain body weight,
  • prevents inflammation of the nerves, anemia, bleeding gums, falling teeth, infectious diseases, rickets, colds, dizziness, abdominal pain, headache, and others.

Store dry pollen in dry, closed containers or bags.


It was known in ancient times as a remedy. It is a product of secretory secretion of special glands of worker bees. Through the sting channel, the sting is squeezed into the sting wound – until the end. It is a colorless, thick liquid with a sharp smell, and a hot, sour taste. It hardens quickly on the surface.

What is the composition of the venom?

The venom consists of: protein and fat fraction of small-molecule organic compounds and mineral compounds as well as free amino acids such as: cystine, lysine, arginine, glycol, alanica, methionine, glutamic acid, aspartic acid, histidine, serine, tryptophan, threonine, leucine, isoleucine, and Nucleic acids, fats, steroid substances, volatile oils, ferments, vitamins A, magnesium, copper.

The biologically active protein melittin was isolated, which is the most important component of bee venom. Cooking and freezing do not change melittin. It does not react to acids and bases.

How does it work?

The effects of venom on our body are different. Certainly, depends on the dose of venom, the place where it was inserted, and the individual strength of the body.

In the medium-sensitive person, the venom induces local dermatitis.

Venom has an allergen that acts on the nervous system. In some people, it can cause anaphylactic shock, lasting up to several hours. It has a curative effect locally.

The bite site turns red, swelling, pain, burning, temperature increases from 2-6 degrees.

In small doses, it has a healing effect, in large poisonous. It works quickly. 1000 bites cause death. At 100-200 bites, it takes a couple of days of a serious illness.

It causes many symptoms such as: nausea, sweating, vomiting, confusion, intestinal disorders, blood pressure drops, blood thickens. Then, the temperature rises, red blood cells dissolve and hemoglobinuria appears. Venom extends the arteries, capillaries, increases blood flow to the diseased body and reduces pain. It increases the amount of hemoglobin, stimulates the heart muscle, lowers blood pressure, activates metabolism.

In what diseases is bee venom treatment used?

In many severe and chronic diseases. Mainly in the treatment of rheumatism. It has a general good effect on the patient’s body. It improves sleep, appetite, and willingness to live.

How is it done?

Either by a bee sting, by rubbing the emulsion, venom ointment, aqueous preparations in ampoules and oils, or iontophoresis.

source: „Apteka Natury” by Jadwiga Gornicka

 Kasia BrzozaKasia Brzoza

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